The phenomenon of crop circles, those mysterious circular patches of flattened corn, first came to the attention of the public in around 1980. Since then they have been reported in various European countries, North America, Australia and Japan, though England still has the most examples year by year. The first reference to one appears to date back over there hundred years as a woodcut from 1678 shows a “Mowing Devil” at work on what appears to be a crop circle.
There had been several circles reported in England in the 1930s and 1940s, in France in 1954 and Australia in 1966, but these did not receive the wide publicity that greeted the circles of the 1980s. Press photographs showed them to be perfectly circular with corn stalks beaten down in a swirling pattern. For UFO enthusiasts the explanation was obvious! The circles had been formed by some form of power emitted when alien spacecraft had landed and taken off. It was something that excited UFO communities but there was no shortage of less spectacular explanations.
The meteorological explanation was that the circles were caused by a vortex or whirlwind started off by air currents or thermals rising in hot condition. The “earth energy” school of thought was inspired by the fact that the circles were usually close to prehistoric sites and monuments and often stimulated by Ley Lines which channelled such energy. When this energy surged the effect was to create a circle.
For the supernaturally inclined, the circles suggested fairy rings. Finally, there was the thought that the circles may be the result of hoaxers. By the 1990’s the number of English crop circles had reached over three hundred per year and their designs had become ever more complicated – patterns within patterns. This rather poured scorn on the whirlwind theory but the Ufologists wondered whether these symbols were some form of message from aliens.
But more and more the hoax theory came to the fore.
Several groups publicly admitted to their part in creating the circles and demonstrated how they had done it using nothing more than a peg, a piece of rope to outline the circle and ‘stomping’ boards to press the corn stalks down. For those who took corn circles seriously known as “Croppies”, such revelations failed to destroy their faith. While it was accepted that corn circles could be man-made, that did not mean that every circle in Britain and the rest of the world was a hoax!
One question arose over hoaxing: while it was understandable that some people might get together for a lark, why did hoaxers bother to go out night after night creating circles? But in the year 2000 the Mail on Sunday published an article in which a hoaxer explained:
“We make our initial designs with the help of a computer and then we work out on paper how to create them on the ground, dividing tasks up amongst the team.”
“It’s quite complicated because we have to work at night and in silence”
But yet serious research continues and Croppies still maintain that the crop circles are indeed genuine. What do you think?
Article by BY Linda Preston. Linda Preston works as a freelance writer specializing in the paranormal. She may be contacted via her website: http://www.psychicreach.co.uk
“The storms about this part of Western Surrey have been lately local and violent, and the effects produced in some instances curious. Visiting a neighbour’s farm on Wednesday evening (21st), we found a field of standing wheat considerably knocked about, not as an entirety, but in patches forming, as viewed from a distance, circular spots. I could not trace locally any circumstances accounting for the peculiar forms of the patches in the field, nor indicating whether it was wind or rain, or both combined, which had caused them, beyond the general evidence everywhere of heavy rainfall. They were suggestive to me of some cyclonic wind action.” John Rand Capron (Amateur Scientist, sightings published in Nature Magazine, 1880)
Since the 1970s, crop circles have been the subject of speculation by various paranormal, anomalistic and ufological investigators ranging from messages from extraterrestrials to proposals that they were created by unique meteorological phenomena. The location of many crop circles near ancient sites like Stonehenge, barrows and chalk horses has led many to believe that they are formed in relation to ley lines and fend energy that can be detected through dowsing. However, pranksters have occasionally come forward and proved it to be a hoax created by them, while others have demonstrated how easily they could be created within 15 minutes. We, the common people are left wondering if crop circles are alien messages or a prank.
Alien Hieroglyphics – the crop-circles left by the non-human intelligence are currently under the microscope of Japanese and British meteorologists. They are investigating a relationship between unwavering objects crossing the Pacific and the mysterious appearance of crop circles in the English fields. Upon examining a piece of information caught by the radar of a ship, it was found to be plasma vortex – a phenomenon similar to ball lightning and believed to be generated by ‘mini-tornadoes’ of electrically-charged air. Since they are luminous in the dark, many often mistake it for a UFO.
The extraordinary multiple-ringed circle formation is unlikely to be caused by the natural phenomenon or even an atmospheric vortex. As stated above the complexity of the circles has increased through the 1980s, and is becoming more prominent and visible as the years go by. Even though the sole location had been the U.K., sightings have been claimed in Australia, South America and other continents.
Recordings taken during the time of their construction had a high-frequency audio sound, powerful enough to damage the electronic equipment like cameras in the vicinity of the crop circle area. The sound had an unsettling effect on people as well as animals who were within a close range to the circle. Upon being measured the frequency was found to be 5.8kHz. This is the frequency emitted from “stylus” used to manipulate the grain stalks. This thin beam is capable of softening the grain stalks and consequently generating the heat. The pressure of the sound would then bend the stalk, and upon immediate cooling, the stalk would lock into place.
Another interesting approach evolves from the Gaia hypothesis that postulates ancient cities have spiritual significance and people believed these circles were the expression of collective cosmic souls expressing their disgust with the present situation on the planet and indicating that all forms of consciousness should be realigned in a new direction.
At this point, most likely, everyone has heard of crop circles, but what are they and why do they appear? The formations that are found predominantly in fields of crops growing grain’ mysteriously appear in an area where there was nothing but crops the previous day. The appearance of crop circles was a phenomenon that has been reported even before there were cameras to capture the image.
As we said, in the 1970s there were various circles that were documented in crops in England. here were many people who believed the crop circles were caused by aliens from outer space. Although they were not studied much before this time, there have been instances recorded that proves the existence of these crop circles far earlier. Cryptologists have found stone and wall carvings which point to the existence of crop circles as far back as prehistoric times. There is also recorded proof of this strange occurrence in ancient Egypt. Ireland is one place that there have been prehistoric wall carvings found that were spiral in nature. These were found in many significant ancient sites including the world-famous Newgrange.
The documented crop circles found in 1999 were numbered at least 190 after having a noticeable increase recorded in the early 20th century with the major increase in the 1960s. They are found more frequently in the UK but there are many other countries where this strange sighting has been reported including the USA, Africa, Canada, Russia, and Japan to name a few.
Approximately 200 new crop circles are reported every year. They appear all around the world in over 30 countries. However, the bulk have appeared in England. The patterns are intricate, geometrical, and have a precision which is impossible to comprehend a person or persons doing in the middle of the night and finishing by morning. Most of the crop circles are found in wheat or barley fields but they also have shown up in grass, rice paddies, maize, oats, snow and ice.
There have been many supposed explanations for the appearance of the crop circles from overuse of fertiliser to cows that are gifted when it comes to creating these geometric masterpieces. The idea of pranksters has come to mind more often than not. There are many who believe this is the reason for the crop circles but in order to make the circles appear overnight, it would take quite a few very talented people working non-stop.
As early as 1686, Robert Plot, who was a British scientist, wrote a book called “A Natural History of Staffordshire”. This book had many geometric patterns found on land in the area which were circles as well as spirals and squares in rings. Some of the patterns were 150 feet across. The book states that the area of the circles had soil which was loose and much drier than would normally be present. The plants also had a peculiar substance similar to mouldy bread on them. His thoughts on these crop circles were they were formed by lightning.
Regardless of the reasoning that is attributed to the crop circles by those who believe they are hoaxes, it does seem strange that in the UK, Wiltshire in particular, the crop circles are near ancient sites that have a sacred meaning.